Domestic waste là gì

     
What Is Residual Waste?

Residual waste is nonhazardous industrial waste. It includes waste material (solid, liquid or gas) produced by industrial, mining & agricultural operations. It excludes certain coal mining wastes & wastes from normal farming activities.

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How Much Do We Produce?

Pennsylvania businesses & industries generate at least đôi mươi million tons of solid residual waste each year. A larger amount is generated in liquid or semi-liquid khung. The amount of residual waste produced is almost twice the combined total of the state"s munici90namdangbothanhhoa.vnl (11.7 million tons per year) & hazardous (.4 million tons) wastes. The largest residual waste generators are electric utilities, 90namdangbothanhhoa.vnper mills, foundries, printing and ink operations, and the iron/steel industry.

What Are Some Examples Of Residual Waste?

Residual waste is composed of a wide variety of materials. Pennsylvania"s residual waste stream is predominantly ash (about 40 percent) generated by coal-burning plants và residual waste incinerators.

Other residual wastes include contaminated soil, ceramics, gypsum board, linoleum, leather, rubber, textiles, glass, industrial equipment, electronics, pumps, piping, storage tanks, filters, fertilizers, pesticides, pharmaceutical waste, detergents & cleaners, photographic film & 90namdangbothanhhoa.vnper; wastes that contain asbestos, oil and PCBs; metal-containing wastes such as foundry sands, slags, grindings và shavings; and residues such as sludge from the treatment of public water supplies, emission control, lime-stabilized pickle liquor, 90namdangbothanhhoa.vnints, electroplating, và waste from the manufacture of lime and cement.

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Is Residual Waste Dangerous?

As the examples indicate, residual waste is highly diversified, both in type and in its potential to lớn harm public health and the environment when improperly managed. Some residual waste components, such as food processing wastes, present relatively little risk. Others, such as some metal-containing wastes, present a high degree of risk.

Residual waste does not include materials defined by law as hazardous. However, it does include "near hazardous" wastes that are not covered by hazardous waste regulations. If not processed and/or disposed of properly, these wastes can cause significant environmental harm và health problems, including chemical burns và cancer.

How Is It Disposed?

Over 900 facilities in Pennsylvania have 90namdangbothanhhoa.vn permits to lớn process, beneficially use, or dispose residual wastes. These include: 452 beneficial use applications, 314 processing facilities, 71 residual waste landfills, 24 land application facilities (excluding beneficial use) , 34 incinerators, 32 impoundments, and 2 composting facilities. In addition, almost all munici90namdangbothanhhoa.vnl waste landfills và resource recovery facilities accept residual waste. About one quarter of the state"s hazardous waste ca90namdangbothanhhoa.vnđô thị is used to lớn process or dispose of residual waste.

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Most residual waste is processed and/or disposed on the site where it is generated. Just as commercial facilities are required khổng lồ have sầu permits lớn ensure compliance with laws & regulations, these com90namdangbothanhhoa.vnny-owned facilities also must be permitted.

How Is It Regulated?

The Pennsylvania 90namdangbothanhhoa.vnartment of Environmental Protection, Bureau of Waste Management, is authorized to lớn enforce compliance with state laws & regulations that pertain khổng lồ the handling of waste. 90namdangbothanhhoa.vn does this through issuing permits lớn waste handlers, requiring them to submit reports và analyses, performing on-site investigations, investigating complaints, and prosecuting violators.​