Gynecologist là gì

Medically reviewed by Timothy J. Legg, Ph.D., CRNPhường — Written by Kellie Walsh — Updated on May 27, 2016

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An OB-GYN, or obstetrician-gynecologist, is a doctor who specializes in women’s health. The female toàn thân experiences many different biological functions, including menstruation, childbirth, và menopause. OB-GYNs provide care for all of this & more. Here’s a look at what they do and when you should consider seeing one.

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An obstetrician-gynecologist, or OB-GYN, has expertise in female reproductive health, pregnancy, và childbirth. Some OB-GYNs offer a wide range of general health services similar to your primary care doctor. Others focus on the medical care of the female reproductive system.

OB-GYNs also provide routine medical services and preventive screenings. This type of doctor has studied obstetrics & gynecology.

The term “OB-GYN” can refer khổng lồ the doctor, an obstetrician-gynecologist, or to lớn the sciences that the doctor specializes in, which are obstetrics & gynecology.

What is obstetrics?

Obstetrics is the branch of medicine related to medical & surgical care before, during, và after a woman gives birth. Obstetrics focuses on caring for and maintaining a woman’s overall health during maternity.

This includes:

pregnancylaborchildbirththe postpartum period

OB-GYNs can conduct office visits, perform surgery, & assist with labor và delivery. Some OB-GYNs provide services through a solo or private practice. Others bởi so as part of a larger medical group or hospital.

What is gynecology?

Gynecology is the branch of medicine that focuses on women’s bodies and their reproductive health. It includes the diagnosis, treatment, and care of women’s reproductive sầu system.

This includes the:

vaginauterusovariesfallopian tubes

This branch of medicine also includes screening for và treating issues associated with women’s breasts.

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Gynecology is the overarching field of women’s health from puberty through adulthood. It represents most of the reproductive care you’ll receive during your lifetime. If you become pregnant, you’ll need khổng lồ go to lớn an obstetrician.

What are the specialty areas?

Approximately 90 percent of OB-GYNs are generalists. This means they work across a wide range of OB-GYN services. Some choose lớn specialize in one or more different subspecialties. These may include:

Maternal-fetal medicine

These specialists care for patients with high-risk pregnancies & related medical conditions. You might see a maternal-fetal medicine specialist if you have:

chronic or gestational high blood pressuregestational diabetesblood-clotting disorderspremature labor

Reproductive endocrinology and infertility

These endocrinologists address issues related lớn infertility and the glands and hormones of the endocrine system. If you wish to lớn become pregnant but are having trouble conceiving, you can go lớn a reproductive sầu endocrinologist. They perkhung assisted reproduction procedures, such as:

in vitro fertilizationgamete intrafallopian transferzygote intrafallopian transferembryo transfer

Gynecolô ghích oncology

These oncologists specialize in diagnosing & treating cancers of the female reproductive system. This includes cancers of the:


Female pelvic medicine và reproductive sầu surgery

These surgeons focus on treating women with urinary tract disorders. They also focus on disorders of the muscle và connective sầu tissue located just beneath a woman’s pelvis. This area is called the pelvic floor.

The pelvic floor may become weak as a result of pregnancy, age, or certain medical conditions. These specialists address:

urinary or fecal incontinencevaginal or urinary tract infectionsoveractive bladderbladder painpelvic organ prolapse

A doctor must first complete their bachelor’s degree & four years of medical school training khổng lồ become an OB-GYN.

After medical school, you must complete four years of graduate-màn chơi education as a resident focusing on obstetrics & gynecology. During this period, doctors learn about reproductive issues and other health-related issues in women. In particular, they learn about:


Doctors complete their residency under the supervision of an attending doctor in a medical setting, such as in a hospital.

You must complete an additional three years of training after you finish your residency khổng lồ specialize in a certain area.

After all required training has been completed, you must pass a specialty board certification exam. The American Board of Obstetrics & Gynecology oversees this exam.

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OB-GYNs must take a maintenance exam every six years to uphold their certification.