Mansa Musa Là Ai

     
Mansa Musa (Musa I of Mali)

Mansa Musa (Musa I of Mali) was the king of the ancient empire of Mali in West Africa.




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Timbuktu, Henrich Barth Painting

The fame of Mansa Musa & his phenomenal wealth spread as he traveled on his hajj lớn Mecca. Afterward, he put himself & his kingdom, West Africa"s Mali, on the bản đồ, literally. Mali"s Timbuktu (shown here in this 1858 painting by Heinrich Barth) was known for its schools và libraries.

Photograph by FL Historical 1D




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Mansa Musa (Musa I of Mali) was the ruler of the kingdom of Mali from 1312 C.E. to 1337 C.E. During his reign, Mali was one of the richest kingdoms of Africa, & Mansa Musa was aước ao the richest individuals in the world. The ancient kingdom of Mali spread across parts of modern-day Mali, Senegal, the Gambia, Guinea, Niger, Nigeria, Chad, Mauritania, và Burkina Faso. Mansa Musa developed cities like Timbuktu và Gao into lớn important cultural centers. He also brought architects from the Middle East & across Africa khổng lồ kiến thiết new buildings for his cities. Mansa Musa turned the kingdom of Mali into lớn a sophisticated center of learning in the Islamic world.Mansa Musa came to lớn power in 1312 C.E., after the previous king, Abu Bakr II, disappeared at sea. Mansa Abu Bakr II had departed on a large fleet of ships khổng lồ explore the Atlantic Ocean, và never returned.Mansa Musa inherited a kingdom that was already wealthy, but his work in expanding trade made Mali the wealthiest kingdom in Africa. His riches came from mining significant salternative text and gold deposits in the Mali kingdom. Elephant ivory was another major source of wealth.When Mansa Musa went on a pilgrimage (hajj) lớn Mecca in 1324 C.E., his journey through Egypt caused quite a stir. The kingdom of Mali was relatively unknown outside of West Africa until this event. Arab writers from the time said that he travelled with an entourage of tens of thousands of people & dozens of camels, each carrying 136 kilograms (300 pounds) of gold. While in Cairo, Mansa Musa met with the Sulrã of Egypt, and his caravan spent và gave sầu away so much gold that the overall value of gold decreased in Egypt for the next 12 years. Stories of his fabulous wealth even reached Europe. The Catalan Atlas, created in 1375 C.E. by Spanish cartographers, shows West Africa dominated by a depiction of Mansa Musa sitting on a throne, holding a nugget of gold in one h& and a golden staff in the other. After the publication of this atlas, Mansa Musa became cemented in the global imagination as a figure of stupendous wealth.After his return from Mecca, Mansa Musa began to revitalize cities in his kingdom. He built mosques và large public buildings in cities lượt thích Gao and, most famously, Timbuktu. Timbuktu became a major Islamic university center during the 14th century due lớn Mansa Musa’s developments. Mansa Musa brought architects and scholars from across the Islamic world inkhổng lồ his kingdom, và the reputation of the Mali kingdom grew. The kingdom of Mali reached its greademo extent around the same time, a bustling, wealthy kingdom thanks to lớn Mansa Musa’s expansion và administration.Mansa Musa died in 1337 and was succeeded by his sons. His skillful administration left his empire well-off at the time of his death, but eventually, the empire fell apart. Well after his death, Mansa Musa remained engrained in the imagination of the world as a symbol of fabulous wealth. However, his riches are only one part of his legacy, and he is also remembered for his Islamic faith, promotion of scholarship, và patronage of culture in Mali.




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The fame of Mansa Musa and his phenomenal wealth spread as he traveled on his hajjlớn Mecca. Afterward, he put himself & his kingdom, West Africa's Mali, on the bản đồ, literally. Mali's Timbuktu (shown here in this 1858 painting byHeinrich Barth) was known for its schools & libraries.